[Update note: see Lane @ Green Baggins’ helpful “sharpening” of my article below. Thanks Lane!]
One area in which the Federal Vision is at odds with historic Reformed theology is the meaning of union with Christ. This is obviously a huge topic; it’s impossible to discuss it all in a single post. So for now I just want to point out one area of major difference. The question is this: is union with Christ permanent or something that can be lost? The Federal Vision movement says it is losable while Reformed theology says it is an eternal union. The first three quotes below are representative of the Federal Vision; the last two quotes are from Reformed confessions.
Peter Leithart put it this way when discussing baptism and union with Christ in a blog post called “Infant Baptism” (Aug. 6, 2004):
“Apostasy is possible. It is possible to be united to…
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