The paradigm of distinguishing Law and Gospel is under attack. The overarching fear seems to be that antinomianism will prevail in the church and practical holiness will not be pursued. In this brief 3 minute video, Michael Horton, author and professor of Systematic Theology at Westminster Seminary in California, defines the Gospel in a narrow sense. Some accuse this definition of the ‘Gospel’ of being out of accord with the Reformation understanding of the gospel. It’s claimed he presents a ‘truncated gospel’ and some have called this some form of ‘Modern Day Reformed Thought’.
Here are some quotes from The Economy of the Covenants Between God and Man, (Escondido, California: den Dulk Foundation, 1990) Vol. 1 on the Gospel in the Narrow Sense https://covenantnurture.wordpress.com/2012/01/09/the-gospel-in-the-narrow-sense-herman-witsius/ These quotes provide evidence that Dr. Horton is completely in accord with the Reformation in his definition of the gospel. Witsius elsewhere speaks of the 3rd use of the law throughout the Economy of the Covenants. Michael Horton does the same in his writings and on his program the White Horse Inn. The difference is Horton is attacked today by those that profess faith in Christ, even from within the Reformed churches.
What do God’s two words of Law and Gospel actually accomplish? Michael Horton has some very helpful thoughts from his systematic theology, The Christian Faith: A Systematic Theology for Pilgrims On the Way, p. 755-56.
It is important to recognize while God’s Word is living and active, its “two words” of law and gospel do different things. The law kills by revealing our guilt, while the Spirit makes alive by the gospel (2 Co 3:6-18). By speaking law, God silences and convicts us; by speaking the gospel, God justifies and renews us. God’s energies, mediated by human language, not only inform us of judgment and grace but judge and save.Specifically, the gospel is that part of God’s word that gives life. While everything that God says is true, useful, and full of impact, not everything that God says is saving. First Peter 1:23-24 adds, “You have been born again, not of perishable seed but of imperishable, through the living and abiding word of God.” Furthermore, it is not the word in general but the gospel in particular that is credited with this vivifying effect: “This word is the good news that was preached to you” (v. 25). Similarly, Paul says that “faith comes from hearing… the word of Christ,” and more specifically, “the gospel of peace,” (Ro 10:15, 17). Salvation is not something that one has to actively pursue, attain, and ascend to grasp, as if it were far away, but is as near as “the word of faith that we proclaim” (v. 8). We do not have to bring Christ up from the dead or ascend into heaven to bring him down, since he addresses us directly in his word (vv. 6-9). The gospel is “the power of God for salvation” (Ro 1:16).Calvin observes that some parts of God’s Word engender fear and judgment.11 “For although faith believes every word of God, it rests solely on the word of grace or mercy, the promise of God’s fatherly goodwill,” which is realized only in and through Christ.12 “For in God faith seeks life,” says Calvin, “a life that is not found in commandments or declarations of penalties, but in the promise of mercy, and only in a freely given promise.”13 The only safe route, therefore, is to receive the Father through the incarnate Son. Christ is the saving content of Scripture, the substance of its canonical unity.14 “This, then, is the true knowledge of Christ, if we receive him as he is offered by the Father: namely, clothed with his gospel. For just as he has been appointed as the goal of our faith, so we cannot take the right road unless the gospel goes before us.”15
11. Calvin, Institutes 3.2.7; 3.2.29.
12. Ibid., 3.2.28-30.
13. Ibid., 3.2.29.
14. Ibid., 1.13.7.
15. Ibid., 3.2.6.
The Christian Faith: A Systematic Theology for Pilgrims On the Way, p. 755-56 by Michael Horton
Heidelberg is helpful here too. We get faith from hearing the Gospel preached.
21. What is true faith?
True faith is not only a sure knowledge whereby I hold for truth all that God has revealed to us in His Word, but also a hearty trust, which the Holy Spirit works in me by the Gospel, that not only to others, but to me also, forgiveness of sins, everlasting righteousness, and salvation are freely given by God, merely of grace, only for the sake of Christ’s merits.
65. Since, then, we are made partakers of Christ and all His benefits by faith only, where does this faith come from?
The Holy Spirit works faith in our hearts by the preaching of the Holy Gospel, and confirms it by the use of the holy sacraments.
More resources for learning how to distinguish Law and Gospel are available here:
- Calvin and the Law-Gospel Hermeneutic Michael S. Horton
- Law & Gospel: Preaching Christ Through a Rightly Divided Word by Shane Rosenthal
- The Law and the Gospel Michael Horton
- Two Parts of the Word of God: Law & Gospel by Theodore Beza
- What’s Really At Stake – Michael Horton